Understanding the basics of home insurance


A homeowner’s insurance policy is a type of insurance that protects your home and any other property that is protected against loss or damage. It is a form of property insurance and is one of the several products that can be purchased.

Homeowners’ Insurance: Coverage and Exclusions

Homeowner’s insurance is another name for home insurance.

The home building insurance protects your bungalow/apartment/rented flat/owned house/constructed home from potential dangers. It covers the expenses associated with any bad event. House insurance claims can be filed for the following types of damage:

  • A blast or smoke
  • Collision of aircraft and other vehicles (not your own)
  • Natural disasters such as hurricanes, hail, fire, and lighting
  • Damage caused by railroad or highway construction
  • Problems caused by humans, such as riots, theft, vandalism, or property destruction, resulting from civic unrest.

Coverage Provided by Homeowners Insurance

Homeowners’ insurance covers several dangers like damaged water pipes, electricity lines, and structures and Covers broken windows, doors, floors, and walls. It protects the home. *

Four categories of insured property expenses:

  • Coverage for bodily injuries that could occur on the damaged property.
  • Loss or damage to personal property from home
  • Interior damage expenses
  • Exterior damage expenses

Several factors affect homeowner’s insurance. Size and type of housing determine it. Age, residence, replacement value, and location influence the value of a property. Crime rate and claim history may also be relevant factors – your protection. Determine the premium and deductible. High deductibles result in reduced premiums, and vice versa.


Homeowners’ insurance doesn’t cover inevitable accidents. Intentional, negligent, war, and “Acts of God” damages are excluded. *

Here are a few exclusions:

  • Damage caused by nuclear dangers or conflict in the nation.
  • Any destruction of the property under statute or court order.
  • Suppose the damage was caused purposefully or accidentally. For instance, an accident with one’s vehicle is not covered by a homeowner’s insurance policy.
  • Although there is sometimes coverage for fire and smoke, it does not include smoke from industrial or agricultural activity.
  • No termite, rat, bird, rot, or mould damage coverage.
  • Property deterioration caused by insufficient or nonexistent upkeep and neglect
  • Acts of God, such as floods and earthquakes, are excluded from a homeowner’s insurance coverage. Some providers may offer supplementary coverages or bespoke insurance for these calamities in specific instances.

Advantages of Having a Homeowners Insurance Policy

Home insurance protects you financially. You may also be liable for damage to property and contents caused by outside forces. *

These are the advantages of a home insurance policy:

  • Due to unfavorable circumstances, you can receive financial aid for repair and damage management.
  • If a third-party causes harm, you can file an insurance claim without a legal dispute.
  • Property insurance makes obtaining a mortgage (home loan) for repair/reconstruction/expansion easier.
  • The house insurance cost associated with losing home contents can also be compensated—house items such as appliances, furnishings, furniture, and jewellery.
  • Not only damages caused by accidents or natural disasters covered, but also theft, robbery, and burglary.
  • Customized house insurance coverage exists. Landlord and tenant insurance are included. The landlord can seek insurance if the tenant (public responsibility) damages the property or loses rent. Renters can also insure their belongings.

How to File a Home Insurance Claim

Fire and burglary insurance claims may need verification of damage. The police FIR/investigation report and fire brigade/authorized organization/residential association testimony are included. Medical officer passing away or disability certificate, if needed. Court summonses, repair estimates, invoices/proof of ownership, etc.

Claim payouts may be proportional if you have many insurance firms. Even if rented, selling a home cancels homeowner’s insurance. *

* Standard T&C Apply

‘Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.‘

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